EEE-3712: Introduction to Electrical & Electronic Engineering (Sessional)                  

3/2 Hours/Week                      Credit: 0.75


Sessional based on EEE-3711

EEE-3711: Introduction to Electrical & Electronic Engineering 

3 Hours/Week                         Credit: 3.00


Electrical Engineering

DC Current: DC fundamentals; Generators and their characteristics motors and their characteristics; Speed control process.


AC Current: A.C. Fundamentals; Flow of A.C. through coils; Inductance and resistance in series and in parallel; Power in A.C. Circuits; Power Factor and Power Factor Improvement; Resonance circuit; Transformer; Poly phase circuits; Induction motors.


Sub-station: Its purpose; Substation equipments (HT. LT Switch gear etc.); Distribution board and sub-distribution board.


System network: Typical distribution circuits; Cables and wiring systems and their selection.


System protection: Types of faults (transformer and motor); Principles of protection; Protective devices: circuit breaker, switches and starter.


Electrical hazards: Protection against shock and fire; Earthing and its importance; Procedure to be adopted when a person is in contact with a live contact.



Amplifiers; Rectifiers and transistors diodes and their uses voltage amplification; Power amplification; Photo sensor and transducer; Integrated Circuits (I.C.).

TE-3805: Supply Chain & Operations Management

4 Hours/Week             Credit: 4.00


Introduction to Production and Operation: Definition of operation management; Field of operation management; Historical development of operation management; Transformation process; Concept of production; Production system and its classification & characteristics; Production management system; Scope of production and operation management; Major issues facing by executives in textile operation management.


Textiles Project Management: Definition of project management; Project control; Critical path analysis (CPA); Program evaluation review technique (PERT).


Textiles and Apparel Product Design and Process Selection: Product design process; Product process matrix; Major decision variables in equipment selection; Process flow design and analysis; Application of work study (method study, time study and work measurement) in textile and apparel production process.


Inventory Management: Inventory system for independent demand; Definition and purpose of inventory management, Inventory costs, Inventory system, fixed order quantity models, fixed time period model; Inventory system for independent Demand: Materials requirements planning system (MRP), Purpose advantages and disadvantages of MRP, Demands for products, BOM file, Inventory records file, Economic order quantity (EOQ), Enterprise resources planning (ERP) in textile operation management.


Supply Chain in Operation Management: Supply chain for textile manufacturing, Purchasing, JIT; Global textile and apparel sourcing; Measure of supply chain management; Lean supply chain.


Lean System in Operation Management: Lean system in textile manufacturing; Various wastages in lean system; Various tools and techniques in lean system (Kanban, Value stream mapping, Continuous improvement, JIT, Pull methods of work, 5’S, Lean Six Sigma).


Capacity Planning, Facility location and Facility Layout: Capacity planning and capacity strategy; Facility location; Plant location methods; Products and process layout.


Forecasting: Definition and types of forecasting; Forecasting across the textile and apparel organization; Demand pattern; Designing the forecasting system; Judge methods and sales force estimates; Forecast performance.

TE-3602: Fabric Structure and Design (Sessional)                       

3/2 Hours/Week                                              Credit: 0.75


Reproduction of supplied sample : Plain weave derivatives; Twill weave derivatives; Fancy design; Color & Weave effect; Double cloth; knit samples

TE-3601 : Fabric Structure and Design                 

3 Hours/Week                         Credit: 3.00


Introduction: Classification of woven fabrics; Identification of warp and weft; Terminology to fabric structure and design; Fabric weight and GSM calculation from given particulars; Classification or parts of a complete design for a woven fabric; Methods of fabric representation; Systems of drafting; Point paper diagram in textile design; Factors affecting the fabric structure.


Plain Weave Fabrics: Main features of plain weave; Classification of plain cloth; Derivatives of plain weave and their characteristic (rib weave, warp rib, weft rib, matt weave, regular, irregular, fancy and stitched matt weave); Ornamentation of plain weave fabrics by varying set; Yarn linear density; Crimp; Twist and material; Different commercial examples of plain weave and their applications.


Twill Weaves: Main features of twill weave; Classification of twill weave; Derivatives of twill weave (zig-zag, herringbone, diamond, diaper, broken, re-arranged, stepped, elongated, combined, shaded, curved twill); Relative firmness of twill weave; Angle of inclination of twill weaves; Commercial examples of twill weave and their applications.


Satin and Sateen Weaves: Main features of satin and sateen weave; Concept of move number and move number selection criteria; Uses of satin and sateen weave; Commercial examples of satin and sateen weave and their applications.


Fancy Designs of Fabrics: Characteristic; Appearance and texture of simple fancy weaves (viz. mock leno including distorted thread effects); Huckaback; honeycomb; basic crepe weaves; Bedford cord structures and pique weave; stripe and check effects using basic and simple fancy weaves; Designs of fabrics figured with extra weft and extra warp and weft.


Color and Weave Effect: Color in combination with weave effects; Simple order of coloring; Compound order of coloring; Pattern chart for color and weave effects; Different commercial examples i.e. continuous line effect; End and end coloring pattern; Pinstripe; Crowfoot; Dog’s tooth; Shepherds check; Allover effects; Birdseye effect; Stepped twill pattern.


Double Cloths: Introduction; Classification of double cloths; Points to be considered before designing double cloths; Construction principle of self-stitched and center-stitched double cloths; Commercial examples and end use applications.


Knitted Fabric Structure: Structure of 1 x 1 rib and 1 x 1 purl weft knitted fabrics and their representation on design paper; Comparison of the properties of plain, 1 x 1 purl weft knitted fabrics; Structures of simple, tuck and miss stitches and their representation using loop diagrams; Representation using conventional notation 1 x 1 interlock; Half-cardigan; Full-cardigan; 1 x 1 weft locknit and 2 x 1 weft locknit structures, etc.

TE-3404: Apparel Manufacturing Engineering – II (Sessional)              

3/2 Hours/Week                                              Credit 0.75


Stitching practice with paper exercises: (Pedal control at maximum velocity, Precise stops at maximum speed, Straight stitches at maximum velocity, Sewing curves, Over lock sewing straight line); Threading of single needle lock stitch machine (Thread the machine and draw up the bobbin thread, Threading the bobbin case, Bobbin winding); Fabric exercises ( Sewing 6ʺx 6ʺ sewing off the material, Sewing 6ʺx 6ʺ staying within material, Sewing 6ʺx 6ʺ back tack.); Stitch classifications (Seams & stitches of men`s shirt, Seams & stitches of men’s trouser, Seams & stitches of denim trouser, Seams & stitches of polo T–shirt, Seams & stitches of round neck T–shirt); Preparation of Swatch card for T-shirt, Polo shirt, Woven shirt, Jacket, kids item and bottom garments.

TE-3403: Apparel Manufacturing Engineering – II                    

4 Hours/Week                                     Credit: 4.00


Sewing: Seam and its properties, types and usage’s, factorial study of seam strength, mechanism of seam slippage, seam strength prediction, seam strength testing.


Stitch: Definition of stitch and stitch types, properties and usage’s, principle of lock stitch and chain stitch; Sewing machine-feed mechanism;


Sewing Needles; Sewing thread; Sewing problem and remedies; Sewing machines; Work aids in sewing; Automation in sewing machine


Alternative Methods of Joining Fabrics: Welding & Adhesives; Fusing; Moulding and their comparison.


Trimmings: Discussion on label and motifs; Chain; Buttons; Zipper; Lining; Hood and loop fastening; Shoulder pad; Velcro tape; Lace braid and elastic; Performance of trimmings.


Pressing and Finishing: Objects; Types; Methods; Various pressing machineries.


Label: International care labeling codes; Brief study on various labels (size label; main label; functional label).


Folding and Packing: Types; Methods; Equipment’s; Symbol and markings; Materials and attachment details for various packaging for apparel.


Fundamentals of Fashion: Fashion, Fad, Classic, Style, Design, Trends.


Trend Forecasting: Fashion forecasting process, Trade shows.


Element of Design: Shape, Form, Value, Line, Color, Texture, Space.


Principle of Fashion: Balance, Proportion, Emphasis, Rhythm, Harmony/Unity.


Color Theories in Fashion Design: Properties of Color/ Color Dimension; Color Theories; Color Wheels – Color systems use of color in designing.


Fashion Cycle & Movement: The movement of fashion, the cycling of fashion, stages of fashion cycle-consumer buying and the fashion cycle-factors influences fashion movement-recurring fashions. The leader of fashion: the designer’s role.

TE-3304: Wet Processing Engineering – II (Sessional)                 

3/2 Hours/Week                                  Credit: 0.75


Dyeing of textiles with sulphur& reactive dye; Stripping of reactive dyed textiles; Dyeing of textiles with disperse dye by carrier, HT &thermosol method; Dyeing of cotton with azoic dye; Screen Printing of textiles with reactive & vat dye; Block printing of polyester fabric with disperse dye; Estimation of mercerization effect; Printing of textiles with pigments; Application of water repellent finish, resin finish, flame retardant finish on textile fabric.

TE-3303: Wet Processing Engineering – II                       

4 Hours/Week Credit: 4.00


Technology of Dyeing:


Ractive Dye: Introductoion; Components of dye structure; Reactive system–neucleophilic substitution, neucleophilic addition; Classification of reactive dye- halogenated heterocyclic & vinyl sulphone dyes, monofunctional&bifunctional dyes, hot brand & cold brand dyes, alkali controllable, salt controllable & temperature controllable dyes ; Substantivity of different groups; Factors governing dye uptake; Preparation & application; Hydrolysis; Stripping.


Disperse Dye: Introduction; Classification; Dispersing system; Theory of dyeing in high temperature method; Function of carrier; Difference between high temperature, carrier &thermosol method; Applicaion of dispers dye on different synthetic fibres; Dyeing of microfiber with disperse dye; Scope of addition of ionic nature; Reduction cleaning.


Sulphur Dye: Introduction; Sulphur linkage; Solubilizing; Classification- water insoluble, leuco, solubilized & condense sulphur dye; Theory of dyeing; Application of sulphur dye; Bronziness& tendering.


Azoic Dye:  Introduction; Classification according to chemical structure; Different ways of naptholation; Concept of fast base for azoic dye; Diazotization  principle; Developing/coupling reaction; Application on cotton fabric, Stripping.


Technology of Printing: Flow chart of Printing; Thickeners (types of thickeners, rheology); Methods and styles of printing; Machineries used for printing; Printing processes for different fibers with Direct, Acid, Basic and Vat dyes, Reactive, Azoic and Disperse dyestuff;  Assistants used in printing operations and their functions; Structure of Pigments; Pigment printing.


Technology of Finishing: Introduction to textile finishing.


Physical and Mechanical Finishing


Raising, Shearing  and Calendering: Mechanism of raising /Brushing &sueding; Different raising techniques used in different textile fibers; Scope of shearing and cropping for different fibers; Calendering process; Parameters affecting the calendering process; Engineering aspects of calenders; Control of calender parameters; Different types of calendaring techniques with their effects and mechanism.


Sanforizing, Stentering and Compacting:  Dimensional stability of textile woven and knit fabrics; Control parameters for Shrinkage, GSM and Spirality; Basic mechanism of  Shrinkage, GSM and Spirality control by Sanforizing machine, Stenter and Compactor; Effect of knitting parameters on dimentional stability of knit fabrics; Diversified application of stenter.

Chemical Finishing

Mercerization:Mercerization and causticization; Objects of mercerization; Conditions for mercerization; Structural modification of cellulose due to mercerization; Changes in the properties of cellulose; The effect of mercerizing conditions; Mercerization of blended fiber fabrics; Mercerization of ramie and flax fibers; Mercerizing wetting agents; Requirements of good mercerizing wetting agent; Commercial mercerizing wetting agents; Mercerizing machineries-Cloth (woven) mercerizing, yarn mercerizing and knit goods mercerizing machines;  Liquid ammonia mercerization; Hot mercerization; Advantages of hot mercerizing process; Comparison of hot and conventional mercerization.


Resin Finishing: Introduction; Mechanism of creasing of cotton fabric; Concept of anticreasing of cotton fabric; Resin and resin finishing; Basic chemistry of cross linking agents; Effect of cross linking on the properties of cotton fabric; Problems of formaldehyde based finishes; Linkages responsible for HCHO release; Durable press catalyst and their use; Stability of crosslink to laundering; Application methods; Compatibility with other finishes; Troubleshooting and practical problems.


Water Repellency: Introduction; Physical chemistry of wetting; Mechanisms of repellency; Repellency of textile fabrics; Conditions for high fabric repellency; Fabric construction and preparation for water-repellent finishing; Application of different water repellent finishes with their chemistry-paraffin repellents, stearic acid-melamine repellents, silicone repellents, fluorocarbon-based repellents; Improvement of the durability of fluorochemical finishes; Limitations and troubleshooting of different repellent finishes.


Flame Retardancy: Introduction; Theory of combustion; Combustion cycle of cellulosic fibers; The chemistry of fire-retardant finishing-exclusion of oxygen, modification of the pyrolysis route, the role of Lewis acids in promoting dehydration, synergistic flame-retardant effects;  Mechanisms of flame retardancy during condensed phase and gas phase; Comparison of condensed phase and gas phase mechanism; Non durable, semi durable and durable flame retardant chemicals and processes for cellulose; Scope of formaldehyde free flame retardants for cellulose; Boron, phosphorus and halogen based flame retardants; Flame retardants for polyester, wool, nylon and blends; Application of flame retardant compounds.


Anti Pilling Finish: Introduction; Pilling mechanism; Factors affecting pill formation; Mechanisms and chemistry of anti-pilling finishes; Approach of different anti-pilling finishes in textiles; Evaluation of anti-pilling finishes; Troubleshooting for anti-pilling finishes and compatibility.  


Anti Static Finishes: Introduction; Generation of static electricity; Problems caused by static electricity; Measurement of electrostatic propensity; General requirements for antistatic finishes; Mechanisms of antistatic finishes; Chemistry of antistatic finishes; Approach of different antistatic finishes in textiles; Durability of antistatic finishes; Conductive fibers; Evaluation of antistatic finishes; Troubleshooting for antistatic finishes and compatibility.